Diagnoses of genera of South East Asia: Smart and/or furry salticids. Found in warm, stony or bare areas. General remarks: Spiders in this group are associated with stones, rocks or bare areas in the open with dead leaves, twigs or litter provided these habitats are warmed by the sun. They are sturdy and can be strong jumpers. On a hot stony patch we have seen an Aelurillus jump quite a distance (say 30-40 times its own length) on to the back of a large gnaphosid and kill it. Genus: Menemerus. See also Koh, p. 110. Some six species of this worldwide genus, including the ubiquitous M. bivittatus, are known from our area. It is similar in size and shape to Marpissa, except that the abdomen is more square shouldered. The male carapace is brown with the eye field black, and there is a characteristic white marginal band. Overall the abdomen is whitish-brown with a broad, dark brown, median band running the length of the abdomen. The legs are dark brown with some light brown patches and rings. The female is overall brown with a very broad whitish-brown band that runs from the front eyes to the spinnerets. The legs are whitish-brown with brown marks and annulations. M. bivittatus is not uncommon in houses and, on several occasions, when visiting a tropical country, it has been the first spider that we have seen as it wanders about on the walls at the airport. Distribution: Menemerus is a worldwide genus with most species occurring in the warmer regions. There are very few records from Australia and the Pacific islands. Murphy & Murphy 2000: 344-345.
[ 55 species] Copyright © for the page by J. Proszynski, 1999.