[Title Page] [List of Genera] Comparison of Drawings] [Regional Keys to Genera] [Descriptions of New Taxa] [Geographical Distribution] [Color Photographs] See also Catalogue of Salticidae [ Title page] List of Genera - names beginning with: A BC DEFG HIJKL MN OPQ RS TUVWXYZ References: Authors beginning with: A BC DEFG HIJKL MN OPQ RS TUVWXYZ [See also Catalogue of Salticidae: Heliophanus]

Salticidae: Diagnostic Drawings Library

by Jerzy Proszynski 1997

Genus Heliophanus Koch C.L., 1833

Diagnoses of genera of South East Asia: Genus: Heliophanus. Although Heliophanus is one of the largest salticid genera and has a widespread distribution, it was only in 1992 that it was recorded from our area for the first time. The size of our species conform to the norm, but some African species can be rather larger. In general, Heliophanus species are dark brown to black in colour, often with a metallic sheen. The shortish, stocky legs are much lighter in colour, sometimes being bright yellow, and contrast markedly with the dark body. The pedipalps of females are usually light coloured and sometimes even bright yellow. There is often a white narrow band running along the anterior edge of the abomen and often two smallish white spots set transversely across the abdomen near the spinnerets. The cephalothorax is moderately high and, in plan, is an elongate, broad oval, widest towards the rear and slightly truncated at the front. The stoutish abdomen is also elongated, broad oval, rounded anteriorly and somewhat tapering posteriorly. The spinnerets are small and located at the extreme tip of the abdomen. There are a few spines on the legs. Characteristic of most males of Heliophanus are the large femoral apophyses on the palps. These are sufficiently large to be seen using a hand lens in the field.
Distribution: The centre for Heliophanus seems to be from Europe to Africa, but some species spread eastwards, in a roughly parallel band, from Europe and the Mediterranean through Asia to China. Our species appear on the southernmost edge of this band in south-west China.Murphy & Murphy 2000: 342. By courtesy of the Authors' and the Malaysian Nature Society.

[Palaearctis species do live mainly on low vegetation - J. Proszynski]

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