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Salticidae: Diagnostic Drawings Library

by Jerzy Proszynski 1998

Personal working notes on Havaian Salticidae Collection

written while working on paper

Proszynski J. 2002 . Remarks on Salticidae (Aranei) from Hawaii, with description of Havaika - gen. nov. Arthropoda Selecta. Moscow, 10 (3): 1-17, figs 1-81

by J. Proszynski

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Explanation.Those below are working notes made while sorting preliminarily collection of Hawaiian Salticidae of Dr W.J. Berry and his friends, or borrowed for that purpose from several Museums. Having ridiculously short time for that job I have quickly sorted morphs, naming them provisionally (with words, letters and numbers) copying their labels and quickly commenting them for my further use. I expected that the work will be further continued by my [then] collaborator Dr J. A. Beatty (of South Illinois University at Carbondale), with some hopes to continue it myself as well.. In normal working conditions the sorted morphs should be compared between themselves in next stage, to confirm observed features, to group them into supposed species, to made drawings and descriptions; procedures which would permit to publish a paper on them. Especially morphs marked #8-14 and #16 seems to be distinct, new species.Unfortunately that sequel did not happen and I am forced to publish a rudimentary paper only, delimiting and defining genus Havaika and its new type species H. jamiesoni, and documenting with drawings some not identified Havaika sp. I added also diagnostic drawings for Hawaiian species of other genera, hitherto unidentifiable [see also full list of Hawaiian Salticidae]. The importance of the list of specimens below is related in particular to field observations of Dr J. W. Berry on unexpected scarcity of Salticidae found during his collecting travels in 1997 and 1998 (personal communication), which may be due to drastic extermination of these spiders in Hawaii. If that observation will be confirmed, the material sorted by me may be the last remnants of the wonderful fauna, which disappeared on our eyes. I removed from the notes fragments which I published latter in my paper quoted above. J. Proszynski. 20. III. 2002)

J. Proszynski     7. VIII. 98
 Personal notes made during examination of types as well as not described species
 done in Laboratory of Dr J. W. Berry in July-August 1998
 (NOT READY FOR PRINT. Specimens and drawings mentioned below are in hands of Dr J. W. Berry) 
Genus Havaiki gen. n. Proszynski

Species # =5.        Havaiki albociliatus (Simon, 1900) comb. n.	Hawai
Synonyms: Sandalodes albociliatus Simon 1900: 514 T. 18 F. 8 (D M). Sandalodes pubens Simon 1900: 513 T. 18 F. 7 (D MF). Sandalodes pubescens: Proszynski 1984c: 66 (F M) [NB. Spelling from the original label]
Revision of Sandalodes albociliatus
Conclusion on Sandalodes albociliatus: these three morphs belong to single species - proposed name - Havaiki albociliatus. 1. M validus 2. F + immF pubens - typical abdominal pattern, denser and longer white setae and scales on chelicerae 3. albociliatus: a - SYNTYPE M - remnants of abdominal pattern, scarce remnants of scales and setae on chelicerae, hairs around eyes I more white [QUESTION - IS THAT not a result of FADING - STRONGER THAN IN OTHER SPECIMEN - THAT IS MAIN DIFFERENCE WITH 2 OTHER TYPES] than in validus, femora I darker than in validus. b - F well preserved abd. patern - more white scales basally on chelicerae c - F damaged abd, - more white scales basally on chelicerae
---------------------------- Females identified and labelled by myself as S. albociliatus = FF Havaiki albociliatus - their abdominal pattern is typical for the species, chelicerae with prominent white seta/scales, clypeus without white setae. ------------------------------------------------------- Males (only) identified as sp-1 (sp cf. 1) - setae around eyes I reddish or yellowish brown, not very striking, covering of chelicera with white setae/scales of variable intensity. 1 F, 2 M - sp 2 - all specimens with reddish or yellowish setae araound AME, in female abdomen typical (dark with marginal white lines) covered by light reflecting scales, in males abdomen lighter, on one close to general type, other still lighter with indistinct whitish spots medially - THAT APPARENTLY IS VARIABLE. Material: a. TYPES =1. M "Sandalodes albociliatus Simon, 1900. Mb. Koele, Lanai, 1894, Perkins" , "1904. X. 24: 423-425" TYPE (in vial 2 F - not described, possibly of same species). Specimen in a very bad condition. Cephalothorax separate from abdomen; entire anterior surface of chelicere covered with sparse and smaller, almost invisible whitish setae, eyes surrounded with white dense and longer setae, Abdomen deeply changed, now with remnants of brownish setae. Females with sparse, inconspicuous setae around eyes I (difference with Male!) Drawings: =2- M palpal organ ventrally - scala 2 cm = 0.12 mm =2- M palpal organ laterally - scala 2 cm = 0.12 mm =1. 1F, 1 imm Sandalodes pubens E. S. Hawai, Kau, 1895. "1904. X. 24: 412-413" (Original description M and F, in my atlas 1984 published 2 drawings of palpal organ, ) Chelicerae covered in basal half by dense white scales - which resembles M of sp-JP-5. Abdomen dark with colorless - light reflecting scales medially, the anterior margin is white - that white line extended by two pairs of marginal diagonal spots. POSSIBLY IDENTICAL WITH F Sandalodes sp-JP-3 (by size, abdominal pattern, somewhat similar setae covering of chelicerae). Drawings: =2- F epigyne organ ventrally - scala 2 cm = 0.12 mm Notes written on 1994: Material: a) 1 imm F Sandalodes albociliatus E. Simon, "1904. X. 24. 426" "1904. 245", 1900 Coll. British Museum. - Poor condition. b) 1F, 1M "20862 Sandalodes albociliatus E.S. Lanai(Perkins", "20862" Coll. MNHN-Paris. - F with cut out epigyne in a separate vial similar to Modunda canosa; 1M small, discoloured, 1 palpus in a separate vial. End of notes written on 1994 OTHER SPECIMENS (of presumably the same species): =1. 6F - Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] albociliatus, Simon 1900. Hawaii: Lanai, Mts. Lanai, 17-II. 1965. N.L.H. Krauss. [POSITIVELY IDENTIFIED WITH TWO UNDESCRIBED FEMALES KEPT IN THE SAME TUBE WITH THE HOLOTYPE OF S. albociliatus; - all from LANAI, Koele Mts.; seem also identical with S. pubens type from Hawai: Kau] Clypeus light brown, bald, with a few larger bristles, 3 of which bent upwards, chelicerae brown with a few minute whitish scales basally, and sparse thin, colourless upright setae. Larger specimen cphth. length = 3.12 mm, abdom. l. = 4.32 mm. Abdominal pattern - anterior margin white, 2 pairs of short, diagonal, lateral white spots, remaining abdomen dark - resembling drawing of S. pubens. =1. 1F + imm- Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] albociliatus, Simon 1900. Hawaii, Oahu Is. 1800 ft. 1. XI. 1968. Kapalama [?] Trail. W.C. Gagne.: =1. 1F Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] albociliatus, Simon 1900. Hawaii, Oahu Is. 2000 ft. 21. X. 1968. Kapalama Trail. Ilex anomala. W.C. Gagne. =1. 2F Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] albociliatus, Simon 1900. Hawaii: (W) Maui Is., N of Mt. Eke, 2000-3000 ft. 4. IV. 1980. W.C. Gagne. =1. 5F + 2mm- Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] albociliatus, Simon 1900. Hawaii: Maui Is. Waikamoi, 3000 ft. Mar. 1968.. N.L.H. Krauss. Interesting variation i external appearance of epigyne. Basal half of chelicerae covered with white scales varaible intensity. Clypeus light brown, without contrasting setae. ATTENTION - ABOMINAL PATTERN NOT YET DRAWN. =1. 1F - Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] albociliatus, Simon 1900. [? Abd. changed] Hawaii, Mauna Loa. 2800 m. 6. VII. 1971. J. Balogh. =1. 1F - Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] albociliatus, Simon 1900. Hawaii, Oahu, Honolulu, Tantalus Trail, 450-500 m. Beating vegetation. 28. Aug.. 1976. R.T. Schuh. AMNH. =1. 2M - Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] albociliatus, Simon 1900. Oahu, Honolulu, Tantalus, Manoa Cliff Trail, 1800 ft. elev. Sept. 6, 1936 Chris. E. Olsen. Well preserved abdominal pattern, identical with Females. Almost whole anterior surface of chelicerae covered with dense whitisch short setae. Clypeus v. low (narrow) and bald, eyes AME surrounded by inconspicuous yellowich setae. [after 62 years of preservation!] Palpal organ seems identical with S. pubens published in 1984. Dimensions (2 specimens): l. cphth. 3.84, 2.88 mm, l. abdomen 4.80 2.88 mm. Drawing: =2- M palpal organ ventrally - scala 2 cm = .12 mm Drawing: =2- M palpal organ laterally - scala 2 cm = .12 mm =1. 1F - Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] albociliatus, Simon 1900. Hawaii: Kohala Mts. 3500 ft. 29. VI. 1966. T. Suman =1. 2F - Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] cf. albociliatus, [Hawaii] Oahu, S end of Waianae Mts., 2000 ft. 25. VI. 1965. T. Suman Externally resembling Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] albociliatus, there is however a median chain of white spots, never seen on any specimen. Epigyne - channels appear longer and spermathecae more distant, oriented transversally - parallel to epigyne; variation in vaginal roof - in one specimen longer and narrowing apically, in another shorter, truncated. Drawing: =2- F epigyne ventrally - scala 3 cm = 0.16 mm Drawing:=2- F epigyne preparation - scala cm = mm Drawing: =2- F Abdominal pattern - scala cm = mm =1. 1F - Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] cf. albociliatus, [Hawaii] Oahu, Waianae Mts. Mokuleia For. Res. Pahole Gulch, 1800 ft. 19. V. 1974. General sweeping. W.C. Gagne. =1. 1F - Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] albociliatus, Hawaii, Oahu, Laie Trail, 1800 ft, 11. XI. 1968, Ceirodendron .... W.C. Gagne. REMARK. There seem to be variation of abdominal pattern in females of S. albociliatus - appearance of some median lighter spots on abdomen; variation in epigyne presumably because of shifting position of sclerotized spermathecae, Vaginal roof apparently variable.9 =1. 1M, 1F - Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] albociliatus (?), Hawaii, Puna, "29 miles", 3800 ft. May 1966. D. & I. Degener. AMNH . M half of abdomen discolored (light exposure?) - no white spot on other half. =1. 4M, - " Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda]" sp - [Hawaii], Kauai HI. 17 Dec. 1994. Coll. D. Jamieson. Malaise trap. (also with Argiope specimen) Remarks: soft tissues on abdomen decayed, separated from tegument, color pattern destroyed, palps everted, chelicerae stretched forward. Large specimens - superficially resembling Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] validus type by changed abdomen. RESEMBLES: sp JP-1 similar size, remnants of coloration, chelicerae covered with dense setae: also: sp JP-5 which is much bigger, but comparable remnants of coloration, chelicerae covered with dense setae, paplap organs expanded. =1. 1M, 3 imm. - " Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] - Modunda JP sp. 1" - Hawaii, Hawaii Co., Waimea Watershed, on Waite Road along hiking trail. 29 January 1998. Coll. J.W. & E.R. Berry. Seem to have particularly long bristles on pedipalpal tibia (less dense and shorter in Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] A), large specimen. Drawings: = 2- M palpal organ ventrally - scala 1.5 cm = 0.12 mm Drawings: =2- M palpal organ laterally - scala 1.5 cm = 0.12 mm Descripion: Dark brown cephalothorax with two lighter yellow brownish streaks along biggest part of thorax (except hindarea), separated by dark brown streak.Abdomen light greish brown with lighter chains of minute dots, anterior margin with white scales, scattered also along the margin, dorsum with sparse short upright dark bristles, giving general "hairy appearance". =1. 1M, 3 imm. - " Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] - Modunda JP sp. 1" - Hawaii Island, Kalopa State Park, under Yand (?) Shrubs, 13 Feb. 1995. J.W. Berry Same species as previous, although smaller and much lighter - colors apparently not developed after last moulting. Marginal abdominal light spots visible. POSSIBLY SAME AS DRAWN "FROM kALOPA PARK" =1. 1M Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] = sp JP-1 [Beatty - Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] B] Hawaii, Hawaii I.-Kilaulea For. Res. 1700 m., 12. VI. 1971. L. Gressit.erve comparable in size, coloration, palpal organ, white setae onanterior surf. of chelicera. Abd. coloration damamged. =1. 1M Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] = sp JP-1 [Beatty - Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] B] Hawaii, Oahu I., Koolau Mts. Poahomo Trail, 650 m., 6. XII. 1977, Howarth. =1. 1M Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] = sp JP-1 [Beatty - Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] B] Hawaii, Oahu I., Koolau above Panoq Flats, beating Dicranopteris fronds., 7. July, . 1974. COll. W.C. Gagne. Palpal organ and white setae on chelicerae typical, Abdomen violet with anterior marginal white line and 2 pairs of lateral diagonak white line - resemblin in that F of Habroattus =1. 1M Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] = sp JP-1 [Beatty - Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] B] Hawaii, Oahu I., Waiaror Kai Valley, Freycinetia axilis, - 650 m, 13. I, . 1974. COll. Howarth., W.C. Gagne. Palpal organ and white setae on chelicerae typical, Abdomen dried and schrunken. Size large - typical =1. 1M Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] = sp JP-1 [Beatty - Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] B] Hawaii, Oahu I., Koolau Mts., Moanalua Valley, 250 m., 22. X, 1975. COll. W.C. Gagne. Palpal organ and white setae on chelicerae typical, Size large - typical =1. 1M Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] = sp JP-1 [Beatty - Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] B] Hawaii Is., W Maui, 900 m,, Haelauu Cabin, beating Dicranopteris at night., 18. July, . 1974. F.G. Howarth. =1. 1M Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] = sp JP-1 [Beatty - Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] B] Hawaii Is.,Oahu, windward end of Pali tunnel, about 1000 ft. June 1965. Coll. T. Saman. ATTENTION: AM I RIGHT THAT THERE IS SOME GEOGRAPHICAL CORRELATION BETWEEN SPECIMENS IDENTIFIED AS "sp Jp-1" and "cf. sp. JP-1" (below)? =1. 1M Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] = cf. sp JP-1 [Beatty - Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] B] Hawaii Is., W Maui, 900 m,, Poo Kukui Trail, near Haelauu CAbin, beating Dicranopteris., 19. I. 1974. E.L. Bousfield, F.G. Howarth. [chelicerae with sparse and thin, inconspicuous small setae, white anterior marginal line on abdomen, traces ? of lighter spots in the posterior half of abdomen] =1. 1M Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] = cf. sp JP-1 [Beatty - Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] B] Hawaii Is., W Maui, 900-1000 m,, Puu Kukui Trail, in Dicranopteris., 18. July, . 1974. F.G. Howarth. [Smaller, chelicerae with sparse and thin, inconspicuous small setae] =1. 1M Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] = sp JP-1 [Beatty - Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] B] Oahu I., Mt. Tantalus, 1800 ft. 8. XII. 1966 J.R. Vockeroth. =1. 2M, 1F + imm. - " Havaiki sp. 2" [s. Sandalodes,Modunda]sp. 2" - Hawaii Is, Kalopa St. Park, 2500' banana leaves, 13 Feb. 1996. J.W. & E.R. Berry DRAWN already "FROM KALOPA PARK" =1. 1F - " Havaiki sp.-3" = S. albociliatus -- Hawaii: Hawaii I. Puna Dist. Ola'a Forest Reserve, Volcano Transfer Station, elev. 4000'. 28 May 1985 Coll. M. Doyle [apparently drawn before - see my Internet program) SMALLER THAN THE PREVIOUS - much lighter cephalothorax and legs, chelicerae also covered by scale like hairs. [Notes written on 1994 on the same specimen: Modunda sp.n. FLMaterial: 1F Sandalod sp. ? HAWAII: Puna Dist., Ola'a' Volcano Transver Station, elev. 4000 ft, 28. V. 1985. Coll. M. Doyle. Det. J. A. Beatty Caption: Mod-sp-n. =6= .Figs (=5=5). Modunda sp. n., HAWAII: Puna Dist., Ola'a'. C4=, epigyne; C4= lateral view of female; C4= , dorsal pattern of female. Bar = mm. Diagnosis. Differs by coloration in having light yellow dorsal slope of the thorax, surrounded by brown sides, with a middle brown streak; abdomen with anterior 4/5th brown, separated from sides by whitish yellow margin, posterior 1/5th of abdomen yellow. Remark. A nice species, congeneric with other Pacific Modunda sp. FEMALE. Cephalothorax striking contrast between brown eye field and upper sides and light yellow dorsal surface of thorax with a nice brown median streak; lower sides light yellow with blackish edge (fig. ). Abdomen: anterior 3/4th brown dorsally, indistinctly mottled yellow, with anterior whitish margin and two lateral diagonal light lines; posterior 1/4th yellow spot with light reflecting scales, covered with sparse and short bristles, there is a median streak of large scales, adpressed, colorless and light reflecting (fig. ). Frontal aspect face eyes I aligned along dorsal-most point of their edges, diameter of ALE 1/2th of AME, clypeus reduced to almost nil, yellow with sparse brown bristles; chelicerae brown with tips yellow, upper anterior surfaces with sparse and small white scales. Pedipalps whitish, legs anterior light brown with femur light greyish yellow; remaining yellow suffused grey. Ventral aspect yellowish, abdomen with central brown greyish area with two lines of yellowish dots. Epigyne resembles Modunda (fig. ). End of notes written on 1994] =1. 3F + imm. - Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] albolineatus = " Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] - Modunda JP sp. 3" - Hawaii Is, Kalopa St. Park, banana leaves, 15 Feb. 1995. J.W. & E.R. Berry [Attention - may be identical with previous 1996? drawings of specimes from Waimea - similar marginal spots of abdomen, however their posterior abdomen damaged) [= FF found in tube with type of Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] ALBOCILIATUS - WHICH WAS DESCRIBED FROM MALE =- question: may we asume that FF conspecific with M TYPE???] CONFIRM: F CLYPEUS NARROW BLACK (difference with spec. A) ATTENTION - SPERMATHECAE (in KOH) resemble Habronattus Large specimes Very distinct dark ventral streak bordered with white, dorsal coloration - cetral part of dorsum dark (violet hue) anterior part with broad white margin, followed by two diagonal light lines, apparently interrupted anterior belt. Two distinct lighter streak along thorax, separated by the darker one. Clypeus narrow and dark, thin layer of short and inconspicuous orange hairs around dorsal part of eyes I rims. Lines of white scales on chelicerae broad - expanded into three broad spots separated by a very narrow dark gaps. POSSIBLY IDENTICAL WITH F Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] pubens - syntype [?] from Brit. Mus. Drawing =2- Epigyne - scala 4 cm = 0.12 (very small) Drawing =2- Epigyne preparation (in KOH) =1. 1F, 2 imm - " Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] - Modunda " sp JP 3 - Hawaii - Hawaii Isl. Waikea forest reserve, Unit N; elev. 2500 ft. 23 Feb. 1995. Coll. J.W. & E.R. Berry. =1. 1 M - " Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda]" JP sp-5 (large, palps expanded) Label listed above: Hawaii: Kauai Isl., Kokee Kauela Kumunela Road, Malaise trap. 30 AUg. 1995. Coll. D. Jamieson. JP sp-5 - Very large, cphth. 4.20, abd. 4.90 mm. Abdomen's tegument separated from decaying tissues - which change coloration. Leg I very robust, femora I with ventral-prolateral edge fringe of longer black bristles; somewhat thinner and shorter sparse fringes along patella and tibia I. Basal half of dark brown chelicerae covered DENSELY by short adpressed scale like setae, along margins of that white fields longer white setae. Clypeus dark, very narrow, bald, with a few dark bristles overhanging cheliceral bases. Hairs surrounding eyes I between AME dorsally - orange yellow, laterally with admixture of a few black, remaining setae around eyes inconspicuoue, v. sparse & colorless ATTENTION: COMPARISON WITH TYPE S. validus - which is slightly smaller, entire anterior surface of chelicere covered with thinner and sparser whitish setae, eyes surrounded with white dense and longer setae (some yellowish - might these be remnants of reddish ones mentioned in the original description), palpal embolus longer bent (?) COMPARISON WITH TYPE S. albociliatus - which is slightly smaller, entire anterior surface of chelicere covered with sparse and smaller, almost invisible whitish setae, eyes surrounded with white dense and longer setae, =1. 1M, 1F Sandalode cruciatus = sp JP-7 [Beatty - Modunda Hawaiian Islands (E.) Maui I. Hana For. Res. 4500'. 17. III. 1974. Sweeping ferns. W.C. Cagne. Cephalothorax with broad belt of sparse now, adpressed whitish scale like setae. Length: male; cephal 2.64 mm abd. 3.12 mm female: cephal 2.64 mm, abdom. 2.88 mm Drawing =2- M palpal organ ventrally - scala 4 cm = 0.24 mm Drawing =2- M palpal organ laterally - scala 4 cm = 0.24 mm Drawing =2- F epigyne ventrally (v. small)- scala 4 cm = 0.12 mm Drawing =2- F epigyne preparation (in KOH) [not in the vial!?\ Drawing=2- M abdomen dorsally (very well preserved) scala 1.5 cm = 0.64 mm Drawing =2- F abdomen dorsally (very well preserved) scala 1.5 cm = 0.64 mm =1. 2M, 1F, 2 imm. Modunda sp JP-7 ? [Hawaiian Islands]; Molokai I., E. Kaumakakai, 3000 ft.. 18. III. 1966. C. Yoshimoto. Identification by abdominal pattern, which is faded in various degree. It would be good to check internal structure of epigyne (TIME!). =1. 1M, 3F Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] - Modunda = sp JP-7 ? [Hawaiian Islands] Kauai, Alakai swamp. 4000 ft., 16-IX-1965. T Suman. Identification by abdominal pattern, which is faded in various degree, =1. 1M, 3F Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] - Modunda = sp JP-7 ? Hawaiian Is. Kauai, Alakai swamp. 1200 m., margin of Bog I, sifting liverworts on trees. 6. VI. 1973. F.G. Howarth. Paler specimen. =1. 2F Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] cf. cruciatus = sp JP-7 ? Hawaiian Islands: Maui Is., Haleakala Nat. Pk., ridge E of Kipahulu Valley. 6100' on bog vegetation. 23. VI. 1981. W.C. Gagne. Both specimen with thin line of intensively white scales along edge of dark and bald clypeus, Identification by abdominal pattern. Epigyne resembles drawing. =1. 1M Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] = sp JP-7? [Beatty - Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] B] Hawaii, Oahu I., Koolau Mts. Poahomo Tr[ail], sifting leaf litter nr. summit., 2. VI. 1977, F.G. Howarth. =1. 1M, 1F, 6 imm. Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] cf. cruciatus = sp JP-7 ? [Beatty - Modunda [Hawaiian Islands] Puu Hualalei, 2500-4000 ft., 28-VI-1966. T Suman. Length: male; cephal 1.68 mm abd. 1.80 mm female: cephal 2.04 mm, abdom. 1.92 mm Smaller than previous specimens. Identification by abdominal pattern, (in female much damaged). Identification uncertain. It would be good to check internal structure of epigyne (TIME!). =1. 1M, 1F, 6 imm. Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] - Modunda = sp JP-7 ? [Beatty - Modunda [Hawaiian Islands] Puu Hualalei, 3000 ft.,Kahaluu Forest Reserve, 27-VI-1966. T Suman. Identification by abdominal pattern, poorly preserved. Identification uncertain. It would be good to check internal structure of epigyne (TIME!). SOME 20 VIALS MORE IN THE AMNH COLLECTION !!! Species # =5. - Havaiki canosa - type - Hawaii - (drawings of epg.+ abdomen (no preparation) made in 1994) Notes written on 1994: Simon, 1900), comb. n. FL"Sandalodes canosus Simon 1900: 515 T. 18 F. 13 Material: 1F "Sandalodes canosus E.S.", "Haleakala", "1904. X. 24. 427" Coll. British Museum. Table Mod-can =6= . Figs (=5 =5). Modunda canosa comb. n. (s. Sandalodes canosus), [C7] TYPE, Hawaii. C4=, epigyne; C4= abdominal pattern. Bar = 0.08mm, 0.66 mm. Diagnosis: a robust spider, dark brown and hairy, with marginal light spots on abdomen, eyes I surrounded reddish brown, clypeus with long brown bristles, chelicerae with dense fur of white setae. Cephalothorax broad, dorsal surface very flat, brown, with sparse long and wavy, upright brown setae, between them small adpressed whitish setae. Posterior slope with darker triangle spot, separating to streaks diverging back from the fovea area; ventral edge sclerotized black, with indistinct line of whitish adpressed short setae immidiately above. Abdomen dark brown mottled lighter brown to yellow, with pairs of marginal whitish spots and indistinct pattern of diagonal dorsal lines, consisting of small dots (see fig. ), covered with mixed dark and white upright setae, giving a "hairy appearance, there are also adpressed minute whitish setae, light reflecting. Fontal view face low with clypeus much reduced, eyes I in single row, diameter of ALE 3/5th of AME; brown with brownish setae around eyes I, long brown bristles on clypeus, slightly bent apically, stretching forward, part of them also overhanging cheliceral bases, there are two bent thin brown bristles between AME resembling slightly "horns" in Thoreliola. Chelicerae brown, basally covered with dense fur of white setae, of which a part is adpressed and short, another part longer, stretching diagonally almost along the whole length of chelicerae. Pedipalps lighter brown, prolaterally yellow. Legs I dark brown, longer and more robust, particularly femur I. Remaining legs lighter brown, legs III almost equal in length with legs I. Ventral aspect mouth parts chestnut brown, sternum and coxae brownish yellow, abdomen ventrally with anterior part light grey, the area behind epigastric fold dark brownish grey, delimited marginally by a pair of whitish yellow streaks. Epigyne resembling Bianor (fig. ) End of notes written on 1994. Species # =5. Havaiki cruciatus Simon MATERIAL =1. M Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] cruciatus Simon, Hawai, Kana, VI. 1893. Perkins "1904. X. 24: 440-442" Contains: one M specimen (good condition - of which I made drawings) in a separate vial - with palpal organ separated to another vial, and 3 more M specimens in worser condition Drawings: =2- M palpal organ ventrally - scala 2 cm = 0.12 mm Drawing =2- M palpal organ laterally - scala 2 cm = 0.12 mm Notes written on 1994: Sandalodes cruciatus Simon 1900: 516 T. 18 F. 11 (D M); Material: 1M, 1F "21077 Sandl. cruciatus E.S. Hawaii (Perkins" Coll. MNHN-Paris. Abdominal pattern seems be particularly useful, in F transverse lines (fragments on whitish background), in M brown with median white streak consisting of fused, modified chevrons; specimen small. End of notes written on 1994 Nnotes written on 1994: Modunda flavipes (Berland, 1933), comb. n. FLSandalodes flavipes Berland 1933: 58 f. 34, 35 Material: 1F "Sandalodes flavipes Berland, 1933 Holotype 636" , " Mt. Temetiu, Hiva Oa, Marquesas Is. 3750 ft. 27. XII. 1930", "H. Tauraa collector", "Pacific Entomological Survey". Coll. Bishop Museum, Honolulu. Small F, abdominal pattern of diagonal brown and whitish bands. End of notes written on 1994 Species # =5. - Havaiki navata - type - Hawaii - (drawings done in 1994 - 2 x palps, epg.+ abdomen (no preparation) 1994 Notes written on 1994: FC =1. Modunda navata (Simon, 1900), comb. n. Sandalodes navatus Simon, 1900: 515 T. 18 F. 9 Material: a-b) two samples from different localities in a single tube separated by a cotton stopper: a) 1M, 1 imm "Sandalodes navatus E.S. Hawai: Koele", "Koele", 1904. X. 24. 432-434" Coll. British Museum [M with smaller abdomen, smaller than specimens b and c, with well preserved coloration, slightly shrunken; orbital setae around AME and ALE indistinct colorless, appear orange-yellowish; three thin rows of sparse white setae along each chelicera] b) 1M "Sandalodes navatus E.S. Kanai", "Wanihea"[? illegible label] "1904/24 7d" Coll. British Museum - different species, by general appearance resembling rather Sandalodes validus - [M with larger abdomen, poorly preserved coloration, slightly macerated; dorsal orbital setae over AME strikingly white, ventral colorless, slightly yellowish, a triangle of white scales on the eye field touches AME dorsally; three thin rows of sparse white setae along each chelicera] c) 1M 1F "14229 Sandal. navatus E.S. Hawaii (Perkins". Coll. MNHN-Paris. Caption: Table Mod-nav =6= . Figs (=5 =5 =5 =5 =5). Modunda navata comb. n. (s.Sandalodes navatus) [C7], M syntype from British Museum: C4= abdominal pattern, C4= palpal organ ventrally, C4= palpal organ laterally; F syntype from MNHN C4=, epigyne; C4= tibial apophysis. Bars 0.06, 0.12, 0.2 mm. End of notes written on 1994 Notes written on 1994: FC =1. Modunda nigrolineata Berland, 1933), comb. n. Sandalodes nigrolineatus Berland 1933: 58 f. 31-33 Material: 1F "Sandalodes nigrolineatus Berland, Holotype 635" "Nuku Hiva: Onuma". Coll. Bishop Museum, Honolulu. F small specimen, partially discolored, abdomen dorsally light, sorrounded light, with a thin, median brown line. End of notes written on 1994 Species # =5. - Havaiki rufescens Berland - Marquesas, types drawn in 1994 -palpal organ. epigyne, abdomen.) Notes written on 1994: MF Modunda rufescens Berland, 1934, comb. n. Sandalodes rufescens Berland 1934: 334 f. 14-17 (D MF). Material: MF "Sandalodes rufescens Marquesas, Hiva Oa, 3000-4000 ft, 31. XII. 24. C.L. Bollenette. 1926. 1. 27. 297-304". British Museum. Captions: Table Mod-ruf =6= . Figs (=5 =5 =5). Modunda rufescens (s. Sandalodes rufescens) [C7], type specimens from Marquesas C4= abdominal pattern in female; C4= palpal organ ventrally; C4= palpal organ laterally; C4= epigyne. Bar = 0.66, 0.2, 0.08 mm. Remark. M has rudiments of abdominal pattern comparable with that in female. Species differs from M and F "Sandalodes" triangulifer (which are presumably not conspecific) by being more robust, different abdominal pattern and different genital organs. Species # =5. Havaiki seniculus Simon, =1. M Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] seniculus Simon, [Hawai] Haleakala "1904. X. 24: 443" Clypeus now light brown with whitish and colorless scales, a few over ventral edge, best visible in triangles between eyes median - dorsally and ventrally. A few scales-setae above eyes median - yellowish. White setae horizontally along lateral surfaces anteriorly. Small specimen. Direct Comparison with M Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] A - same pattern os scales/hairs on face, except that whitish scales are mainly colorless and much less visible. Pattern of setae on legs appear also similar. S. seniculus has no visible lines of white setae along chelicerae (which are changed to greyish yellow now). Notes written on 1994: . Modunda triangulifer (Berland, 1933), comb. n. Sandalodes triangulifer Berland 1933: 56 f. 29. Material: a) 1F "Sandalodes triangulifer Berland HOLOTYPE 624","Amatea, Tahuata, Marquesas Is, 2500 ft. 27. VI. 1930" "Le Bronnecc & H. Tauraa collectors" "Pacific Entomological Survey" Coll. Bishop Museum, Honolulu.. A note put into tube: "This is the type according to collecting data and sex, given in original publication. The other vial is the "type du male", therefore a paratype". Coll. Bishop Museum, Honolulu. F 1 cm long, robust, brown abdomen with a beautiful median chain of small white triangles, epigyne like other Modunda. b) 1M, 2 imm. "Sandalodes triangulifer Berland" "Sandalodes triangulifer Berland TYPE du M Berland", "Fatu Hiva, Marquesas Is". "Le Bronnecc collector". A note put into tube: "This is a paratype male and 2 juveniles. Collecting data for data do not match these given in original description, however". Coll. Bishop Museum, Honolulu. M with a nice abdominal pattern: light brown, mottled, surrounded by whitish margins; darker frame provided by brown sides - an unique character. Remark. M paratype of comparable length with Modunda rufescens but less robust, very different abdominal pattern, abdomen thinner, shorter embolus, F type more robust than M paratype and with very different abdominal pattern consisting of a median line of white triangles on dark background, it looks like F type and M "paratype" may belong to different species (different abdominal pattern, different islands). Not related to Modunda rufescens which is more robust, has different abdominal pattern (a chain of small brown and white chevrons, not triangles) and different epigyne (although both Modunda type). End of notes written on 1994, Species # =5. Havaiki validus Simon, 1900 =1. M Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] validus Simon, 1900 [Hawai] Olau, "1904. X. 24: 422" entire anterior surface of chelicere covered with thinner and sparser whitish setae, eyes surrounded with white dense and longer setae (some yellowish - might these be remnants of reddish ones mentioned in the original description), palpal embolus indistinctly longer bent. Drawing =2- M palpal organ ventrally - scala 2 cm = 0.12 mm Drawing =2- M palpal organ laterally - scala 2 cm = 0.12 mm Drawing =2- M abdomen dorsally - scala 2 cm = 0.12 mm Notes written on 1994: Modunda valida (Simon, 1900), comb. n. Sandalodes validus Simon 1900: 516 T. 18 F. 10 Material: a) 1M "Sandalodes validus Simon, 1900. Olau", "1904 X. 24.: 422" Coll. British Museum. [Preliminary notes: Unidentati, 1 cm long, palp resembles Sandalodes pubens: Proszynski 1984c:66; ceph. broad, rather flat, eyes I in single row, clypeus reduced, chelicerae elongated stretching horizontally, abdomen elongate oval, legs I long] b) 2MM "22201 Sandalodes validus E.S. Ohau [?] (Perkins)" Coll. MNHN-Paris. - presumable = those from British Mus., chelicerae vertical (movements), one M half smaller. End of notes written on 1994. Species # =5. Havaiki verecundus Simon, Remark: I assume that specie "A" represent S. verecundus, assuming further that the type of that species is a defective specimen, with incomplete dorsal abdominal pattern, in addition to that now very much faded. That assumption is tentative and depends from field research -yielding WELL colored specimens matching the type. =1. M Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] = Havaiki verecundus Simon, [Hawai] Oahu 189- Perkins ........ Type of S. verecundus has eyes I surrounded by distinct white setae, triangle of white scales dorsally bewteen eyes AME, clypeus without white setae/scales, lines of white setae along chelicerae, remnants of abdominal pattern. Drawing =2- M palpal organ ventrally - scala 2 cm = 0.12 mm Drawing =2- M palpal organ laterally - scala 2 cm = 0.12 mm Notes written on 1994: Modunda verecunda (Simon, 1900), comb. n. Sandalodes verecundus Simon 1900: 516 T. 18 F. 10 Material: a) 1M, 2 imm "Sandalodes verecundus E.S. Oahu." "Kavailoa River, Oahu. April 1893" "1904 4. X. 24. 437-439". Coll. British Museum. Resembling Sandalodes validus by palp. MUCH SMALLER, traces of pattern on abdomen, particularly on 1 imm. specimen b) 2 imm "18538 Sandl. verecundus E.S. Lanai(Perkins", "18. 538" Coll. MNHN-Paris. - immature, discolored, unusable. End of notes written on 1994. =1. 3M, 1F, 9 imm. - " Havaiki A later described as Havaika jamiesoni Proszynski, 2002 - Hawaii, Kauai Co., Koke's State Park, Nu'Alolo Trail. Elev. 3600 ft. 23 January 1998. Coll. J.W. & E.R. Berry. [good coloration ] "MODEL" SPECIMENS OF THE SPECIES (as understood by J. Proszynski) Drawings: =2- M palpal organ ventrally - scala 2 cm = 0.12 mm =2- M palpal organ laterally - scala 2 cm = 0.12 mm =2- F epigyne ventrally - scala 4 cm = 0.12 mm =2- F epigyne preparation ventrally - scala 3 cm =.050 mm =2- M abdomen dorsally - scala 2 cm = 0.64 mm =2- F abdomen dorsally - scala 2 cm = 0.64 mm CEPHALOTHORAX in mm and in % of length of cephalothorax M F --------------------------------------------------------------- L. cphth.: 2.04 2.04 : 100 % : L. e. f.: .96 .96 : 47 45 : H. cphth.: .98 .90 : 48 44 : W. e. f. I: 1.32 1.20 : 65 59 : W. e. f. III: 1.38 1.32 : 68 65 : W. cephth. at e. III: 1.44 1.38 : 71 68 : Max. w. cphth.: 1.50 1.38 : 74 68 : L. flat surf. cphth: : ABDOMEN : L. abd.: 2.40 2.28 :118 112 Max. w. abd.: 1.32 1.38 : 65 68 : [Explanation of abbreviations: abd. - abdomen; ALE - anterior lateral eyes, AME - anterior median eyes, cphth. - cephalothorax; e. f. - eye field; I: at eyes I; III - at eyes III; H. - Heigth; L. - Length of; Max. - Maximal; surf. - surface; W. - Width] Length of LEGS in mm and in % [length of a segment*100/total length of a leg] ------------------------------------------------------------------ Leg I Leg II Leg III Leg IV M F M F M F M F --------------------------------------------------------------- tarsus .66 .48 :.48 .42 :.48 .48 :.48 .48 : metatar. .84 .48 :.54 .48 :.72 .60 :.78 .66 : tibia 1.14 .72 :.60 .48 :.66 .60 :.66 .60 : patella .84 .72 :.60 .54 :.60 .60 :.60 .60 : femur 1.32 1.08 :.96 .84 :1.20 1.04 :1.04 1.08 : ---------------------------------------------------------------- Total 4.80 3.48 : 3.18 2.76 :3.66 3.42 :3.66 3.42 : ------------------------------------------------------------------ in % of leg I. 100 % : 66% 79% : 76% 98% :76% 98% : ---------------------------------------------------------------------- CONFIRM: F CLYPEUS WHITE SETAE, BROAD =1. 2M, 1F, 1 imm. - " Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda]" A - Hawaii, Kauai Co., Koke's State Park, Nu'Alolo Trail. Elev. 3800 ft. 31 January 1998. Coll. J.W. & E.R. Berry. [good coloration ] =1. 2M, 1F, 1 imm. - " Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda]" A - Hawaii, Kauai Co., Koke's State Park, Unmarked trail across from Kalalau. Elev. 4000 ft. 31 January 1998. Coll. J.W. & E.R. Berry. [good coloration ] =1. 1M (no abdomen), 1 imm. - " Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda]" A - Hawaii, Kauai Co., Koke's State Park, Nu'Alolo Trail. Elev. 3600 ft. Tree shaking. Coll. J.W. Berry. + & D. Jamieson. =1. 2M, 1F, 1 imm. - " Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda]" A - Hawaii, Kauai Co., Koke's State Park, Nu'Alolo Trail. Elev. 3600 ft. Nightlighting in forest. 6 Feb. 1998. Coll. J.W. Berry & D. Jamieson. (Remarks on all Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] A specimens seen: pattern variable (abdominal, legs, presence of hairs), epigyne externally variable, all females with white clypeus, males with lines of hairs on chelicera. =1. 1 F, 1M (?), 1 imm. - " Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda]" A (small) 1 M - " Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda]" JP sp-5 (large, palps expanded - see below after sp. 4)) - Hawaii: Kauai Isl., Kokee Kauela Kumunela Road, Malaise trap. 30 AUg. 1995. Coll. D. Jamieson. =1. M Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] verecundus (?)- Hawaii:Kauai, Spt. 11, 1957. Poor preservation of abdomen. =1. 1F - Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] sp. A, Hawaii, Kokee; T.H. Sept. 10-13, 1957. A.M. Nadler. CLYPEUS WHITE SETAE, BROAD (? COULD IT BE VERECUNDUS?) =1. 3F, imm - Modunda = sp JP-A ? [Beatty - Modunda] - Kauai, Alakai swamp, 4000 ft. 14. IX. 1965. T Suman. Epigyne similar, abdominal pattern dark with median streak of white spots, and weak diagonal pair of whitish lines in 2/3rd of abdomen. =1. 1F - Modunda = sp JP-A ? [Beatty - Modunda] - Molokai, Puu Kolekole region, 3000-3500 ft. 3. VIII. 1965. T Suman. Epigyne similar, abdominal pattern damaged with traces of dark with median streak of white spots, and weak diagonal pair of whitish lines in 2/3rd of abdomen. =1. 2M, 3F, 2 imm. Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] verecundus = sp JP-7? Hawaiian Islands; Molokai I., Molokai Forest Reserve, above Kolekole Cabin, 1200 m. in liverworts on tree. 15. I. 1974. F.G. Horwarth, E.L. Bousfield. Identification by abdominal pattern, which is faded in various degree. It would be good to check internal structure of epigyne (TIME!). Species # =5. Havaiki sp JP-15. = S. verecundus =1. 1M, 3F Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] - Modunda = sp JP-15 ? [Hawaiian Islands] Kauai, Alakai swamp. 4000 ft., 16-IX-1965. T Suman. Females with thin line of intensively white scales along margin of clypeus, male with out such scales, but with 2-3 lines of vertical white setae along chelicera.Abdominal pattern with median streak of pairs of whitish spots and transverse white line in 2/3rd of abdomen; faded in various degree, Length - male: cepth 2.64mm, abd 2.40 mm 11*.24 female: cepth 2.40 mm, abd 3.12 mm [Palp separated in a small vial, but apparently not drawn !] In comparison with these specimens - type of S. verecundus has eyes I surrounded by distinct white setae, triangle of white scales dorsally bewteen eyes AME, clypeus without white setae/scales, lines of white setae along chelicerae, remnants of abdominal pattern much more distinct (im male 15 it is lost - resembling female but not identical). In comparison with these specimens - syntypes of S. cruciatus have a broad belt of white adpressed setae, gradually narrowing posteriorly, broken posteriorly into separate short lines; body darker, cephalothorax in one specimen dark brown, covered densely with adpressed white setae, eyes I surrounded with white setae, dense white setae below ame, lines of white setae on chelicerae. Color of legs vary - from dark brown in two specimen, to light yellow with darker rings. In comparison with these specimens - type of S. seniculus has strikingly diferent abdominal pattern [if that is not an artifact]: anterior 1/3 of dorsal surface intensively white (translucent guanine cristals) divided medially by thin, dark line, after thin transverse line there is a thin white line, followed in mid-length of abdomen by large white triangle (basis = 1/3rd of abdomen) which pass into transverse white, broad bar and is followed until spinnerets by broad white streak, which has faint traces of three posterior thin darker transverse lines. Eyes I surrounded by remnants of white setae , there are triangles of white scales between eyes AME dorsally and VENTRALLY (on clypeus), space beneath ALE with white, horizontal and adpressed sparse scales, no white setae/scales on chelicerae. CONCLUSION FROM ALL ABOVE: Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] cruciatus, seniculus and verecundus ARE GOOD SPECIES, IF COMMON SPECIES WITH MEDIAN STREAK OF PAIRS OF WHITE SPOT IS IDENTICAL WITH ANY OF THESE TYPES, IT MUST BE WITH S. verecundus -------------------------- Species # =5. Havaiki sp JP-6 + cf. verecundus =1. 1F Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] - Modunda = sp JP-6 [POSSIBLY CONSPECIFIC WITH MALES sp JP-13 ] 3M, Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] cf. verecundus - Modunda [Beatty - Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] B] Hawaii Is., Molokai, Molokai Forest Res., Kolekole Cabin, 1190 m in Cibotium stem. 14. I. 1974. F.G. Howarth, E.L. Boosfield. Male cf. verecundus - Bigger than sp. Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] A - with similar lines of long white setae along chelicera, but different setae on clypeus and around eyes I, abdomen with trace of posterior transversal spots, other spots uncertain; in another M (the biggest) traces of broad streak medially along 3/4 of abdomen, with posterior triangle distinctly darker. Drawing =2- M palpal organ ventrally - scala 3 cm = 0.12 mm Drawing =2- M palpal organ laterally - scala 3 cm = 0.12 mm Drawing =2- M abdomen dorsally (partially reconstructed from remnants, the biggest specimen) scala 1.5 cm = 0.64 mm Female very different - with abdomen with white margin and median broad (1/3 of abdomen) irregular brown streak. Drawing=2- F epigyne ventrally (v. small)- scala 4 cm = 0.12 mm Drawing=2- F epigyne preparation (in KOH) Drawing=2- F abdomen white with dark streak and spots - scala 2 cm = .080 mm Species # =5. Havaiki sp JP-8 (sp. n) =1. 1M, 1F, Modunda = sp JP-8 [Beatty - Modunda [Hawaiian Islands] Kilaulea Park Boundary - Hilo side 3900 ft. 25. VI. 1966. T. Suman. Seems to have distinctly different epigyne. Abdominal pattern poorly preserved. Long but sparse setae over chelicerae in male, more dense on female. Drawing=2- M palpal organ ventrally - scala 2 cm = 2 sq. additional lens 2 x 3.5 x 15 = ... mm Drawing=2- M palpal organ laterally - scala 2 cm = 2 sq. additional lens 2 x 3.5 x 15 = ... mm Drawing=2- F epigyne ventrally - scala 3 cm = 2 sq. additional lens 2 x 3.5 x 15 = ... mm Drawing=2- F epigyne preparation scala 2 cm = 0.036 mm Species # =5. Havaiki sp JP-9 (sp. n) =1. 1F - Modunda = sp JP-9 [Beatty - Modunda] - Necker Is. 26. IX. 1964. Beardsley. Striking by light brown-reddish clypeus and sides of face with horizontal lines of white adpressed setae, cephalothorax of the same color with striking sparse white adpressed setae; abdominal pattern destroyed. Drawing=2- F epigyne ventrally - scala cm = 2 sq. additional lens 2 x .. x 15 = ... mm Drawing=2- F epigyne preparation scala 2 cm = 0.036 mm PHOTO - 1 FRONTAL APPEARANCE WITH LINES OF WHITE SETAE HORIZONTALLY ON FACE. 2 - DORSOLATERAL VIEW OF CEPHALOTHORAX Species # =5. Havaiki sp JP-10. (sp. n.) (?) =1. 1F - Modunda = sp JP-10. [Beatty - Modunda] - Maui, Haleakala crater, Haleauu trail, 8000 ft. 24. VII. 1965. T Suman. Clypeus brown with very long colorless setae stretching forward, and long white setae overhanging cheliceral bases. Small white adpressed setae on sides, behind the line of anterior lateral eyes. Epigyne: long roof over vagina, with diagonal sclerotized rims coming to mid of its length. Channels long, spermatheca apparently of Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] type - something resembling sp-JP-6, but not identical. Length of cephalothorax - 2.64 mm, l. of abdomen 3.84 mm. Abdomen (now) almost uniformely greyish brown with remnants of whitish spots covered with remnants of whitish adpressed setae - anterior margin, 2 pairs of small lateral spots and faint places of a chain of median spots. No trace of transversal white line. Remnants of reddish, adpressed setae. Drawing=2- F epigyne ventrally - scala 4 cm = 0.12 mm Drawing=2- F epigyne preparation scala cm = mm (in KOH) ("stoppers" particularly long!) Species # =5. Havaiki sp JP-11 (sp. n.?) =1. 6F - Modunda = sp JP-11. [Beatty - Modunda] - Oahu, Mt. Koala, 4000' in swamp, 2- VIII. 1964 T. Suman. [Abdominal pattern resembling S. cruciatus - but abdomen generally lighter). Drawing=2- F epigyne ventrally - scala 4 cm = 0.12 mm Drawing=2- F Abdominal pattern SHOULD BE DRAWN - scala cm = mm Species # =5. Havaiki sp JP-12 =1. 1F - Modunda = sp JP-12. [Beatty - Modunda] - Hawaian Is. Kauai, Mt. Kahili, on Cheirodendron kanaiense var. Forbesi, 17. XI. 1968. W.C. Cagne. Distinctly different species, with peculiar (but Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] type) epigyne. Broad band of intensely white scales hanging from clypeus edge, area beneath ALE covered also by white scales, broad white triangle dorsally between AME, eyes I surrounded by sparse and very inconspicuous colorless setae. Sternum and coxae yellow, abdomen ventrally whitish yellow. Epigyne appears broad (is small) with long vaginal roof and spermatheca short (1/2 of roof). Abdominal pattern light, resembling rather S. seniculus or S. cruciatus. V. interesting species. Drawings to be done: =2- F epigyne ventrally - scala 3 cm = 0.06 mm =2- F epigyne preparation - scala cm = mm =2- F Abdominal pattern - scala 2 cm = 0.64 mm Species # =5. Havaiki sp JP-13. =1. 1M - Modunda = sp JP-13. [Beatty - Modunda] - Hawaian Is. Koolau Mts, Ewa For. Res., Manana Trail. 530 m, 15. XII. 1974. W.C. Gagne. [POSSIBLE CONSPECIFIC WITH FEMALE sp-6] Distinctly different species, with median abdominal streak dark and with broad whitish areas on both sides of streak - until abdominal margin,. Pattern in this specimen better preserved., than in next. However face seems to dried previously and is changed - much better visible characters in the next specimen. Size: cephalothorax length 4.00 mm, abdomen l. 3.84 mm. Drawing=2- M palpal organ ventrally - scala 3 cm = .16 mm Drawing=2- M palpal organ laterally - scala 3 cm = .16 mm =1. 1M - Modunda = sp JP-13. [Beatty - C?] - Hawaian Is., Oahu Poamoho Trail, Dicranopteris fronds, sweeping, 600 m, 12. I. 1974. F.G. Howarth, W.C. Gagne. The same species as previous - with abdominal pattern much fadet (but its main features still discernible). Three striking lines of white setae along chelicerae, margin of carapace with fringe of whitish scales. which above chelicerae are replaced by whitisch, longer setae, clypeus narrow, yellow (fawn) and appear bald; a striking white triangle of scales dorsally between AME, setae surrounding eyes I inconspicuous and colorles. Size: cephalothorax length, 5.12 , abdomen l. 5.12 mm. PHOTOGRAPHS OF ABDOMINAL PATTERN OF THE FIRST SPECIMEN AND FACE OF THE SECONF. =1. 1F - Modunda = sp JP-13 (?). [Beatty - Modunda] - Hawaian Is. Kauai, T.H. Ko Kee, 4000 ft. July 1952, D.E. HArdy. Species, with median abdominal streak dark and with broad whitish areas on both sides of streak - until abdominal margin, chelicerae - traces of whitisch, setae, clypeus narrow, yellow (fawn); a striking white fringe of setae overchanging cheliceral bases, setae surrounding eyes I inconspicuous and colorles. Size: cephalothorax length 2.16 mm, abdomen l. 2.88 mm. =2- epigyne - scala 4 cm = .08 mm =2- epigyne preparation (now in KOH)- scala cm = mm Species # =5. Havaiki sp JP-14. =1. 1M - Modunda = sp JP-14. [Beatty ] - Hawaii: Napau Crater, Kilaulea, July 1953. D.E. Hardy. Palpal organ with cymbium twice longer than palpal tibia, embolus long, apophysis robust (similar proportions had Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] rufescens from Marquesas, but different abdominal pattern). Abdominal pattern destroyed, was apparently dark, with transversal whitish spots in 2/3rd of length of abd., Cheliceral tooth conical, prominent. Clypeus very low, bald, white adpressed setae below eyes ALE, setae surrounding eyes I whitish. L. cephth. 1.80 mm, l. abdomen. 1.92 mm. =2- M palpal organ ventrally - scala 3 cm = 0.16 mm =2- M palpal organ laterally - scala 3 cm = 0.16 mm Species # =5. Havaiki cruciatus - sp JP-16 = =1. 1M, 1F Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] - Modunda = sp JP-16 ? Hawaiian Isl. (E) Maui I. Hana For. Res 4500' sweeping ferns. 17. III. 1974. W.C. Gagne. DARK SPECIES in both sexes WITH MEDIAN STREAK Of white contrasting diamonds of setae - (in female median line of anterior abdomen is bald, so these white diamonds are dark inside - presumably an artifact) - this may be compared with S. seniculus, in which, however, edges of broad white atrea are smooth and not serrated. ------------------------------------------------------- Specimen to be checked again =1. 1imm M, 4 imm - " Havaiki [s. SandalodesModunda] - Modunda " sp ? - Hawaii - Hawaii Isl. Waikea forest reserve, Unit N; elev. 2500 ft. 23 Feb. 1995. Coll. J.W. & E.R. Berry. ==================================================================== A key to some specimens of Havaiki ["Sandalodes"] ..................................... A. A. SPECIES SMALL - pedipalpal tibi shorter ........verecundus [A] M - clypeus reduced to nil, dark, 3 vertical lines of white setae along chelicerae [l. cpht. .96, l. abd. 1.02 mm] F - clypeus covered with dense band of whitish setae, some overchanging chelicerae [l. cpht. .96, l. abd. 1.14 mm] 1- embolus longer, basis of embolus in 1/2 of length of bulbus C4. Sandalodes cruciatus - embolus shorter, basis of embolus in 1/3 of length of bulbus C4. Sandalodes seniculus C4. Sandalodes verecundus B. SPECIES LARGE. pedipalpal tibia long/ basis of embolus in a half length of bulbus - or lower C4. Sandalodes albociliatus C4. Sandalodes pubens C4. Sandalodes validus C. SPECIES VERY LARGE C4. Sandalodes magnus = Plexippus paykulli --------------------------------------------------------------------- The text below are my notes writen in 1994 Genus Modunda Simon, 1901, FRtype: phragmitis FL Pacific species identified as "Sandalodes" are not congeneric with the type species of that genus - Sandalodes bipeniciliatus (Keys., 1882) from Australia: Queensland (see Sandalodes bipeniciliatus: Davies, Zabka, 1989: 252, t. 52 (MF). They appear congeneric with Modunda phragmitis Simon, 1901, which is a junior synonym of Modunda staintoni (O.P.-Cambridge, 1872) (Proszynski in preparation). The genus Modunda, known heretofore from Africa, Israel, India an China (habitually identified as Bianor) is apparently related to the Bianor by the palpal organ and shape of epigyne (but its internal structure was not compared yet), seems to differ by less pronounced sclerotization of cephalothorax, difference in proportions of cephalothorax, which is~~ lower and slightly narrower (by 11 % in the studied species), eye field less broadened posteriorly. The abdominal pattern is of different type and seems to be particularly important key character in this genus. Legs proportions seem comparable. The only other known species of Modunda is Modunda aeneiceps (Simon, 1901) (Simon 1901k: 161, Bianor aeneiceps: Proszynski 1987: 9) from Sri Lanka. Similar shape of genital organs can be seen in Napoca, and it can be presumably linked with Habronattus, the latter being obviously related to widely known genus Pellenes; all these genera should be possibly classified into the same higher taxon. The "Snadalodes" species listed below are transfered hereby into Modunda. We provide some remarks on types and other specimens of some 0f these species, and we describe one species as new. FCBody proportions of studied Modunda species in % of length of cephalothorax Comparison with FL Mod-can Mod-nav Mod-ruf Mod-sp-n Modunda Bian-sp1 F M M F stainton M F ---------------------------------------- [Israel] ---------- LC mm 4.08 2.34 3.84 3.36 2.80 - 1.19 1.70 LE % 41 44 47 48 49 47 59 53 HC % 41 50 49 53 46 36 59 65 WE1% 59 61 62 71 69 62 76 70 WE3% 62 64 62 71 71 73 91 89 WC3% 79 75 97 93 80 - 93 91 MWC% 79 75 97 93 80 - 93 91 LDC% 76 72 - - 74 70 82 - LA % 113 100 119 121 123 130 112 147 MWA% 73 55 87 86 60 - 82 112 Total length of 5 segments of LEGS in mm=% (% of leg I) ----------------------------------------------- Leg I Leg II Leg III Leg IV ----------------------------------------------- Mod-can F 8.76=100% 7.08=81% 8.71=99% 7.75=88% ---------------------------------------------------------- Mod-nav M 5.59=100% 3.82=68% 4.51=81% 4.55=81% ---------------------------------------------------------- Mod-ruf M 13.32=100% 8.04=60% 8.52= 64% 8.76=66 % Mod-ruf F 7.20=100% 6.19=86% 7.32=102% 8.40=117% ---------------------------------------------------------- Mod-sp-nF 5.89=100% 4.84=82% 5.49=93% 5.44=92% ---------------------------------------------------------- Comparison with: Bia-1M 2.52=100% 1.87=74% 2.13=84% 2.25= 89% Bia-1F 3.32=100% 2.65=80% 3.00=90% 3.40=104% ----------------------------------------------------------3 Here ends notes written on 1994 ----------------------------------------------------------------